Pandits shouldn’t let their grievance become hatred

Pandits shouldn't let their grievance become hatred - Kashmir Reader

Newspaper clipping from Kashmir Reader

On Sunday, May 02, the Kashmiri Pandits held a protest at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi. Kashmiri Pandits held a protest at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi. The KPs, who were forced into exile 25 years ago following the outbreak of insurgency in Kashmir, demanded that the New Delhi and state government of J&K consult the community members before devising a roadmap for their rehabilitation in Kashmir. The protesters carried placards with slogans like “Modi blinks, hope sinks,” “Going back but not to be butchered” and “We want Homeland.”

The protesters at the venue raised slogans against the pro-azadi leaders Yasin Malik and Syed Ali Shah Geelani. They urged the government to prosecute those who were responsible for the killings of KPs. Noted filmmaker Ashok Pandit also flew in from Mumbai to be a part of the demonstration. The event was well covered by the Indian mainstream media as reporters from Times Now, NDTV, ABP News and several others jostled with each other to get sound bites from the organizers and protesters.

However, one aspect of the protest has gone largely under-reported. Tarek Fatah, Canadian author and broadcaster, had also come to Jantar Mantar to support the protesters. A day earlier, the Pakistani-origin writer had released his book “Chasing A Mirage: The Tragic Illusion of an Islamic State” at the India Habitat Centre in the presence of former top cop KPS Gill and journalist Saeed Naqvi. Speaking at the book launch, Fatah batted in favour of the rehabilitation of KPs. The ‘Pioneer’ newspaper quoted him as having said, “Kashmiri people face many difficulties and being a Muslim, I want every Indian Muslim should come forward to support Kashmiri natives.”

But when Fatah turned up at Jantar Mantar to support the cause of KPs, he was in for a rude surprise. When Fatah, dressed in a green shirt, took to the stage, some of the right wing organisers objected to him addressing the gathering. As a result, Fatah wasn’t allowed to speak. The fact of the matter is that Fatah is one of the fiercest critics of Islamism and Pakistan. His writings have attracted so much of controversy that he has often been labelled as an Islamophobe. But Fatah himself became a victim of Islamophobia at the KPs protest venue.   Some of the embarrassed protesters tried to argue that the organizers might not have been aware of Fatah’s view on the subject and hence, protested against him addressing the audience. But the truth is that he was prevented from speaking merely because he had a Muslim name. This kind of outright bigotry certainly doesn’t help the cause of KPs.

The KPs have every right to be enraged at the fact that no government has come to their rescue in the past 25 years. It is precisely because of this reason that protests like the one held at Jantar Mantar should be organised regularly so that the government at New Delhi and the state is pressurized into acting on this humanitarian issue. But some right wing elements within the KP community need to realize that Muslims are not their enemy. It is understandable that many Pandits were disappointed when they saw lack of support from their Kashmiri Muslim neighbours during the time of migration. But that doesn’t mean they’ll continue to hold some form of prejudice against anyone who is a Muslim. Why didn’t the liberal protesters at the venue exhibit their dissent against the high handedness with which Fatah was treated? Why didn’t they protest against this blatant act of racism? Instead the demonstration continued as if nothing happened. After the event formally concluded, some of the protesters chanted slogans in favour of “Panun Kashmir”.

Panun Kashmir—the idea of a separate state/union territory for KPs—is a Pakistan-like solution to the prevailing problem. What needs to be realized is the fact that separatism cannot be used as a tool to fight secession. Rashneek Kher, being an opinion leader of KPs, should understand how unreasonable is the demand of settling all KPs in “one contiguous piece of land exclusively for KPs.” Is there any portion of territory inside India that is earmarked only for the members of a certain community? Yes indeed there is a need for resettlement colonies because the homes of several people have been destroyed post migration.  It is the duty of the government to provide such people with homes. Moreover, the houses of a number of KPs have been arbitrarily taken over by other residents living in Kashmir. The government should help KPs in retrieving their land and property. But at the same time communal demands of exclusive settlements cannot be tolerated. Union Finance minister Arun Jaitley was correct in pointing out that “KPs, Muslims and Sikhs are all an integral part of Jammu and Kashmir’s demography.” Hence, there is a need for mixed townships which promote intermingling among the different community members.

On Sunday, a small minority of conservative KPs were successful in silencing Tarek Fatah because of his Muslim identity. The incident hinted at the distrust which some Pandits harbour when it comes to Muslims. If such religion-based boycott has to be prevented from happening in the future then emphasis has to be laid on the spirit of togetherness, which cannot be developed in a union territory or an exclusive settlement for KPs.  The Kashmiri Muslims too cannot afford to remain silent. If the extra-judicial killing of single Kashmiri is enough to fill the streets of the state with protesters then why haven’t we seen demonstrations of the same magnitude demanding justice and rehabilitation for Kashmiri Pandits who have faced continued government apathy since 25 years? Why protests are mostly held to echo reservations about the resettlement of KPs and not against the unpardonable crime of their migration? It is high time that the two communities start understanding the perspective of the other and dump their prejudices for a while so that the process of bridging the gap is initiated.

(This article was originally published in Kashmir Reader.)


The Problem With Kashmiri Pandit Discourse


Image: Al Jazeera

One of the greatest tragedies about the debate revolving around the fate of Kashmiri Pandits is that the story of their pain and suffering has been communalized beyond imagination. Instead of objectively analyzing the causes and reasons behind the ethnic cleansing of Kashmiri Pandits following the outbreak of insurgency in the Valley, secessionists and nationalists, both have tried to tell only that part of the conflict which has suited their political interests. It is high time that the truth which has been tightly concealed by these political players is brought to light.

The first and foremost thing which we need to realize is that the Kashmiri Pandits were indeed driven out of their homes in a very unjust manner. According to government statistics (Reproduced by on 16th May, 2012) there are no less than 58,697 Kashmiri migrants in the country. It is understandable that many of them happen to be Kashmir Pandits who began to leave the Valley in large numbers starting 1989. The Hindu reported on March 24th, 2010 that 24,202 Kashmiri Pandit families moved out of the Valley due to tensions triggered by the insurgency. The penultimate question is what led to the exodus of Pandits? The secessionists pin the entire blame on Governor Jagmohan and exonerate jihadists from any role whatsoever in being responsible for the ethnic cleansing. The nationalists argue that it wasn’t Governor Jagmohan but rather Kashmiri Muslim jihadists who made living in the Valley equivalent to hell for Kashmir Pandits principally because of their Hindu identity and support for the Indian State. The truth of the matter is that the blame has to be shared between Kashmiri Muslim militants and Governor Jagmohan. Those secessionists and Kashmiri Muslim-sympathizers who say that militants were not hostile towards Pandits are being nothing but intellectually dishonest.

Since 1991, homes of 32,000 Kashmiri Pandits have been burned in the Valley as pointed out by Rahul Pandita (20th July, 2013, OPEN). There is no question of absolving the militants of the barbarism which they carried out by terrorizing Kashmiri Pandits. The threat which the Kashmiri Pandits faced from the militants was real and not some propaganda being carried out by RAW or IB. We must also realize that the manner in which Governor Jagmohan handled the entire situation was dismal and it only aggravated the crisis. Some narrations state that the exodus had already begun by the time he took charge but when a large threat looms over a certain section of people, the government’s job is to ensure their safety by strengthening security measures. Their confidence needs to be rebuilt and the government should exhort them to act with valour and confidence in the moment of crisis. Instead of doing this, Governor Jagmohan created a panic like situation in the Valley and facilitated the exodus of Kashmiri Pandits by providing them with transport vehicles to move out of the Valley. This was the monumental error on the part of Governor Jagmohan. He may have had no intentions of fuelling the exodus but his mismanagement of the entire conflict will never be forgotten or forgiven.

Another lie which is frequently told in the name of Kashmiri Pandits is that they have been the sole sufferers of the insurgency. Those who say this are basically communalists who love to rip the society apart on the basis of religion. All communities living within the Valley have suffered due to militants and terrorism. 36 Kashmiri Sikhs were killed in a brutal manner on 20th March, 2000 in the Anantnang district of Jammu & Kashmir. The Indian Government puts the number of civilians who died due to the conflict in Kashmir at 20,000 (Reported by on 21st November, 2008 in an article titled “India revises Kashmir death toll to 47,000”). The Government of Jammu and Kashmir has revealed that 219 Kashmiri Pandits were killed by militants between the years 1989 to 2004. It further stated that no killing of Kashmiri Pandits was recorded after 2004 (“219 Kashmiri Pandits killed by militants since 1989,” The Hindu, 24th March, 2010). Statistics show that far more Kashmiri Muslims have died due to the conflict than Kashmiri Pandits as the total death figure of civilians is at 20,000. This punctures the communalist’s claims of the Kashmiri Pandits being the sole sufferers in the Valley.

Those who love to communalize this issue also try to portray that only Kashmiri Pandits exited the Valley and following their removal, Kashmiri Muslims lived with great joy. Statistics show that by 2010, there were 13,917 non Kashmiri Pandit families who migrated out of Kashmir because of the violence out of the total 38,119 families registered with the Revenue and Relief Ministry. Some people raise the rhetorical cry of Kashmiri Pandits being relegated to refugees in their own country. While their anger is justified considering the fact that Kashmiri Pandits have still not returned to the Valley nearly 25 years after their exodus began, their selective narration of suffering is indeed very dangerous. There are various other states where large scale displacement has occurred frequently and people have lived in refugee camps for a long time. The Amnesty International stated in 2012 that at least 21,000 persons were living in transit relief camps even a decade after the 2002 Gujarat riots (“Gujarat Riot Victims Still Await Justice,” The Hindu, March 2nd, 2012). Following the Assam riots in 2012, lakhs of people were forced to live in relief camps. After the riots, some of the Bodos refused to allow Bengali-speaking Muslim migrants to come and live in their villages. Some of the Bodo leaders were firm upon their decision to first see the citizenship papers of the refugees. The refugees on the other hand claimed that they had lost all their belongings and documents in the arson caused due to the riots. They opined that this was a conspiracy by some Bodo groups to rob them of their land and homes. English magazine Frontline did a cover story on Assam riots following the mayhem in 2012. In that report, it document that several such exodus’s and mass displacement of people had taken place in Assam during the past two decades. The point is simple; several groups have suffered and made to live as refugees in India due to the negligence of the State. By calling Kashmiri Pandits the lone refugees, political opportunists are playing with fire.

It is true that the Government of Jammu and Kashmir has made the rehabilitation of Kashmiri Pandit families a part of state policy but it has failed to effectively bring back the Pandits to their deserted homes. By and large, Kashmiri political heavyweights have forsaken the fight for Kashmiri Pandits. While there are massive agitations in Kashmir whenever Kashmiri Muslim youth are murdered illegitimately by the Indian army, there have been little or rather no agitations held in solidarity with the cause of Kashmir Pandits. Secessionist leaders like Yasin Malik and Syed Ali Shah Geelani have only given token statements demanding the return of Kashmiri Pandits to the Valley. Kashmiri Pandits avail of a facility which no other internally displaced group of people has in India. They are entitled to reservations under Kashmiri Migrant quota. Unfortunately, this quota has also been communalized. Right wing groups have protested in the past against Kashmiri Muslims getting admissions in educational institutions under the Kashmiri Migrant quota. Nevertheless, Kashmiri Pandits are scattered in different regions of India and are among the wealthiest refugees or internally displaced people.

Time and again, some subversive forces have utilized Kashmiri Pandits as strategic assets. While they claim to sympathize with them, they are not interested in rehabilitating them as it would lead to the death of their politics. Also, if Kashmiri Pandits are resettled in the Valley, the clamour for a plebiscite to determine the fate of Kashmir would grow. A plebiscite cannot take place in Kashmir until and unless the original demographic ratio is not arrived at. Political forces have taken contrasting stands on the issue of Kashmiri Pandits and their position is in alignment to their political interests. Lastly, the exodus of Kashmiri Pandits has also led to rise of the idea of Panun Kashmir. Panun Kashmir as an organization was formed in 1990 by some Kashmiri Pandits. Their solution to the Kashmir problem is a communal one as they are asking for creation of a separate homeland for Kashmiri Hindus in the Valley. This idea is bound to fail and trigger greater commotion because it is in absolute proportion with the original demand for Pakistan. The creation of Pakistan did not lead to safeguarding of minority rights in India or Pakistan then how will the creation of Panun Kashmir lead to safeguarding of Kashmiri Pandits who are a minority in the state? Partition cannot be a solution because total population exchange is not a possibility. Some will always be left behind and be treated as slaves.